Chronic algae control issues can easily become a pain in the neck, and as the name suggests, it can become a recurring problem. It can take anywhere from months to years to appear for the first time, but from then on its downhill. Blue algae are perhaps the worse one of them all as it gives your lake or pond a turquoise tinge, and a stale, moldy smell. Most water bodies in the country are prone to algae growth and development, so the underlying problem is the lack of preventive maintenance. If you own a lake or water body you should be very interested in preventing algae growth before it happens. Here’s a quick guide to understanding, preventing and treating chronic algae control issues, depending on what stage your lake or pond is in.
The bottom line is that algae growth is caused by an increase in the water’s nutrients. This happens naturally, and it’s a phenomenon known as eutrophication. Most people blame nitrogen for being the source of algae growth, and they may have a point because nitrogen can cause sudden algae growth spurts. However, nitrogen naturally turns to nitrogen gas and exits your pond or lake. The main cause of chronic algae growth, especially blue algae, is phosphorus. Phosphorus does not evaporate and sits in your lake or pond. It can come from natural debris, animal waste and even fertilizers.
The main and most annoying disadvantage of algae control issues is aesthetical. Algae can either grow to be green (caused by nitrogen) or blue (also described as green-blue algae, caused by phosphorus). The real danger with algae growth is that it causes further issues. It lowers the water’s oxygen levels, which may cause your fish to die and will then cause bigger problems such as murky water, insect infestation, foul odors and ultimately, the growth of harmful bacteria that may cause disease.
An important part of aquatic vegetation control and the best way to prevent your lake or pond from algae problems is to analyze the quality of your water. Even if your pH and alkalinity levels are balanced, you may still have high nitrogen and/or phosphorus levels. You should also look at the sediment quality and have it analyzed by professionals as it may also indicate potential algae growth. Note that other factors like temperature and dissolved oxygen levels will also provide valuable insight in the fight to prevent algae. Most people fail to understand that the main issue is not algae, but nutrient levels. Algae is just a symptom.
Once you have algae (either green or blue) the solution is not that simple anymore. You need to consult with a verified professional to see what the best answer will be. Some of the options you will have available will be adding proper water aeration methods (to increase oxygen levels), add certain types of water vegetation and even promote certain fish growth.
If you are having green or blue algae control issues, give us a call. Our team of qualified experts will be more than happy to assist you in your aquatic vegetation control and help you keep your pond or lake algae-free. Give us a call today!